Ottawa – According to a new report by The Conference Board of Canada, getting just 10% of Canadian adults to sit less and move more would reduce Canada’s health care costs by $2.6 billion and inject $7.5 billion into the Canadian economy by the year 2040. The report, Moving Ahead: The Economic Impact of Reducing Physical Inactivity and Sedentary Behaviour, was released by the Conference Board and ParticipAction.
The report estimates that the benefits would start to show as early as 2020, if – starting in 2015 – 10% of Canadians sit less, walk more each week and increase their daily physical activity.
The study found that the incidence of debilitating chronic diseases would be reduced over the next 25 years – including 222,000 fewer hypertension cases, 120,000 fewer diabetes cases, 170,000 fewer heart disease cases and 31,000 fewer cancer cases.
These reductions in chronic illnesses would enormously impact health care spending – with $45 million saved by 2020, $126 million by 2030 and $167 million by 2040 – equating to $2.6 billion saved in today’s dollars.
As well as reducing chronic conditions, the report suggests that premature mortality would decline by 2.4% by 2020 alone, representing more than 6,600 lives saved.
“The reduction in premature mortality and, to a lesser extent, reduced numbers of people on disability and fewer days lost to absenteeism, would mean more workers available for the labour force,” said Thy Dinh, senior research associate, The Conference Board of Canada. “As a result, economic activity would receive a substantial boost. Improving the health status of Canadians through increased physical activity and reduced sedentary behaviour can lead to longer, healthier lives, and the expected productivity gains would be of significant benefit to the entire country.”
The report estimates that Canada’s gross domestic product (GDP) would be $230 million higher in 2020, $931 million higher in 2030 and nearly $1.6 billion higher by 2040 – a cumulative $7.5 billion over the full period – with this modest increase in Canadians’ levels of physical activity and their decrease of sedentary behaviour.
“Canadians spend most of their waking hours sitting and get insufficient activity, a recipe for the promotion of hypertension, diabetes and even premature mortality,” said Dr. Mark Tremblay, director of Healthy Active Living and Obesity Research (HALO) at the Children’s Hospital of Eastern Ontario Research Institute (CHEO) and member of ParticipAction’s Research Advisory Group. “These new findings show that modest, achievable changes in movement behaviours can produce substantial and important improvements in health – and should be embraced.”
“Making the effort to be more physically active and less sedentary in our busy lives can be challenging,” says Elio Antunes, president and CEO, ParticipAction. “But, you can’t deny the health – and economic – benefits. This research shows that real, measurable change is within our grasp. To achieve this change, we need to continue to provide and promote a wide variety of opportunities for Canadians to get active and maintain healthier lifestyles. We hope that these new findings will inspire inactive or sedentary Canadians of all ages to add more physical activity to their lives.”
Moving Ahead: The Economic Impact of Reducing Physical Inactivity and Sedentary Behaviour is part of CBOC’s Moving Ahead: Healthy Active Living in Canada research series published by the Canadian Alliance for Sustainable Health Care.
How’s your health?
Check out the Conference Board’s new Physical Activity and Sedentary Behaviour Health Meter, released to coincide with the launch of this research, to find out where your physical activity and sedentary behaviours rate in one of four categories.
For more information, visit www.participACTION.com.