Ottawa – The Industrial Product Price Index (IPPI) compiled by Statistics Canada rose 0.3% in June 2013, as a result of higher prices for motor vehicles and other transportation equipment as well as petroleum and coal products. The Raw Materials Price Index (RMPI) advanced 0.3%, mostly because of higher prices for animals and animal products and crude oil.
Industrial Product Price Index, monthly change
The IPPI was up 0.3% in June, after registering no change in May 2013. It was the first increase since February 2013. Of the 21 major commodity groups, 15 were up, two were down and four were unchanged.
The growth of the IPPI was mostly attributable to motor vehicles and other transportation equipment (+0.8%), primarily because of higher prices for motor vehicles (+1.0%). The depreciation of the Canadian dollar relative to the US dollar was largely responsible for this advance.
Some Canadian producers who export their products report their prices in US dollars. Consequently, the 1.1% decrease in the value of the Canadian dollar relative to the US dollar may have had the effect of increasing the IPPI. Without the measurable effect of the exchange rate, the index would have risen 0.1% instead of 0.3%.
Petroleum and coal products (+0.5%) also exerted upward pressure on the IPPI, mostly because of gasoline (+1.4%) prices, which rose for a second consecutive month. To a lesser extent, fuel oil and other fuels also contributed to the advance in petroleum and coal products.
Among the other product groups that posted gains were pulp and paper products as well as meat, fish and dairy products.
Conversely, prices for lumber and other wood products were down for a third consecutive month, falling 0.7%.
Industrial Product Price Index, 12-month change
The IPPI rose 0.6% during the 12-month period ending in June, after edging up 0.1% in May.
Compared with June 2012, the advance of the IPPI occurred primarily because of higher prices for petroleum and coal products (+5.3%), specifically motor gasoline (+5.4%), which posted its largest gain since March 2012. Fuel oil and other fuels were also up, as a result of higher prices for diesel fuel (+5.6%). The IPPI excluding petroleum and coal products declined 0.1% on a year-over-year basis.
Compared with June of last year, prices for lumber and other wood products increased by 4.2%, continuing the upward trend that began in February 2012. Higher prices for softwood lumber (+7.1%) were largely responsible for this gain.
Among the other product groups that advanced on a year-over-year basis were electrical and communications products and meat, fish and dairy products.
Compared with June 2012, the increase of the IPPI was moderated by primary metal products (-4.4%), mainly as a result of lower prices for other non-ferrous metal products, specifically silver and platinum (-18.2%) and gold and gold alloys in primary form (-13.2%).
Raw Materials Price Index, monthly change
The RMPI grew by 0.3% in June, after posting a 0.2% increase in May. Of the seven major product groups, three were up, three were down and one was unchanged.
Animals and animal products (+2.5%) was the largest contributor to the increase of the RMPI, mainly because of higher prices for slaughter hogs (+12.3%), which posted a third consecutive monthly advance. It was the largest gain since June 2012 for slaughter hogs.
Mineral fuels (+0.4%) also exerted upward pressure on the RMPI, as a result of higher prices for crude oil (+0.5%). The RMPI excluding mineral fuels was up 0.2% in June.
The advance of the RMPI was moderated mainly by vegetable products (-1.6%), which declined primarily because of lower prices for grain (-1.7%), specifically corn (-3.9%). Prices for natural rubber and allied gums as well as cocoa, coffee and tea were also down in June.
Raw Materials Price Index, 12-month change
Over the 12-month period ending in June, the RMPI rose 4.0%. This represents a change in the downward trend observed since March 2012.
Compared with June of last year, mineral fuels (+9.9%) was the largest contributor to the advance of the RMPI, mainly because of higher prices for crude oil (+10.5%). The RMPI excluding mineral fuels was down 0.7% on a year-over-year basis.
Compared with June 2012, animals and animal products (+3.7%) also contributed to the increase of the RMPI, mostly because of higher prices for slaughter cattle (+6.8%).
Compared with June of last year, the growth of the RMPI was moderated primarily by non-ferrous metals (-6.4%), specifically radioactive concentrates (-21.4%), precious metals (-14.3%) and copper and nickel concentrates (-3.9%).