Ottawa – Average weekly earnings of non-farm payroll employees were $957 in July 2015, little changed from $954 the previous month, according to the latest survey of payroll employment, earnings and hours from Statistics Canada. Compared with 12 months earlier, weekly earnings increased by 1.6%.
The increase in weekly earnings compared with July 2014 reflected a number of factors, including wage growth, changes in the composition of employment by industry, occupation, and level of job experience, as well as average hours worked per week.
Non-farm payroll employees worked an average of 33.0 hours per week in July, unchanged from both the previous month and from the same month a year earlier.
Average weekly earnings by sector
In the 12 months to July, average weekly earnings outpaced the national average in 6 of the 10 largest industrial sectors, led by wholesale trade, administrative and support services, as well as professional, scientific and technical services. At the same time, earnings were little changed in accommodation and food services, construction and educational services.
Average weekly earnings in wholesale trade grew by 5.8% compared with 12 months earlier to $1,201. Earnings gains were spread throughout the sector, led by miscellaneous wholesalers, and machinery, equipment and supplies wholesalers.
In administrative and support services, earnings rose 5.2% to $782 compared with 12 months earlier, driven by growth in employment services.
In July, weekly earnings in professional, scientific and technical services increased 4.6% to $1,359 on a year-over-year basis. Earnings growth in the sector was widespread, led by management, scientific and technical consulting services; other professional, scientific and technical services; as well as accounting, tax preparation, bookkeeping and payroll services.
Average weekly earnings by province
Year over year, average weekly earnings of non-farm payroll employees increased in nine provinces in July, with the strongest growth in Manitoba. Over the same period, earnings declined in Alberta.
Average weekly earnings in Manitoba grew by 2.7% to $887 in the 12 months to July. Earnings increased for most sectors in the province, led by health care and social assistance, as well as manufacturing. At the same time, earnings declined for employees working in administrative and support services.
Compared with July 2014, average weekly earnings in Prince Edward Island rose 2.5% to $795. Gains were highest in educational services and retail trade.
In Ontario, average weekly earnings increased 2.4% to $970 compared with July 2014, with most of the gains occurring between November and March. In the 12 months to July, earnings growth was highest in information and cultural industries, and accommodation and food services. At the same time, earnings declined in educational services.
Weekly earnings in British Columbia rose 2.1% to $912 on a year-over-year basis in July. Earnings gains were spread across most industries, most notably in administrative and support services, finance and insurance and retail trade.
In Alberta, weekly earnings declined 1.2% to $1,141 in the 12 months to July. Average earnings for the province were pushed down primarily by employment losses and wage decreases in the mining, quarrying, and oil and gas extraction sector. At the same time, earnings declined notably in real estate and rental and leasing, and accommodation and food services. Weekly earnings for the province have been on a downward trend since January.
Non-farm payroll employment by sector
The number of non-farm payroll jobs increased by 38,200 in July, after little change in June. The largest gains in July were in retail trade, and accommodation and food services.
Compared with 12 months earlier, the number of non-farm payroll employees increased by 170,100 or 1.1%. Over this period, the rate of employment growth was highest in arts, entertainment and recreation (+4.4%), and accommodation and food services (+2.9%). At the same time, employment declined in mining, quarrying, and oil and gas extraction (-9.0%) and in utilities (-2.3%).