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2014 A.T. Kearney Reshoring Index: What manufacturers are actually doing

Despite the hype that reshoring is on the rise, 2014 has actually seen increased offshoring. That’s according to global strategy and management consulting firm A.T. Kearney’s 2014 Reshoring Index.


The Index was the first in a series of studies looking objectively at the rate and pace of the return of manufacturing operations to the U.S. In this inaugural Index, manufactured goods flows are tracked over a 10-year period to show the change in ratio between U.S. manufacturing imports and gross output during that time period. The index is actually expected to show a year-over-year decline, lower by 20 basis points from 2013, as offshoring to foreign manufacturing markets outpaces reshoring.
 
Patrick Van den Bossche, A.T. Kearney partner and leader of the firm’s Americas Strategic Operations Practice and co-author of the Index, notes, “Our goal was to find out for ourselves whether companies are indeed leaning toward reshoring operations, and if so, what are the motivators driving them. We’ve been following these questions with interest since 2010, and have a growing database of 700+ reshoring cases across all industries.”
 
“While the so-called reshoring trend has helped improve the mood of U.S. manufacturing since the recession, the reality is that the import value of manufactured goods into the U.S. from 14 low-cost Asian countries has grown at an average of 8 per cent per year in the last five years,” added Pramod Gupta, A.T. Kearney principal and study co-author. “The 2014 Reshoring Index is not only an indicator of U.S. manufacturing capital flows, but also how the U.S. stacks up in terms of attractiveness as a source of manufactured products versus countries like China, Bangladesh, and Cambodia.”

Key highlights include:
– The top three reshoring industries, as measured by the number of cases in A.T. Kearney’s database, are electrical equipment, appliance and component manufacturing, with 15 percent of the cases; transportation equipment manufacturing, with 15 percent; and apparel manufacturing, which previously had not been expected  ever to come back, with 12 percent.
 
– Improvement in delivery time led the reasons executives gave in favour of reshoring, with quality improvement a close second and followed by brand/image.
 
– While there has been an overall lift in U.S. manufacturing for five straight years since 2009, imports of offshored manufactured goods into the U.S. have increased at a faster rate than any return of manufacturing operations to our soil and, for the 14 top offshoring locations combined, amounted to $630 billion in 2013.
 
Those 14 top offshoring locations (China, Taiwan, Malaysia, India, Vietnam, Thailand, Indonesia, Singapore, Philippines, Bangladesh, Pakistan, Hong Kong, Sri Lanka, and Cambodia) are also included in the study, along with a tracking of the year-over-year change in Manufacturing Import Ratio (see below) from 2004 through 2014.
 
For more information, visit http://www.atkearney.com.